The methanol leaf extract of Mallotus oppositifolius was evaluated for anti- inflammatory activity in rats and mice using acute and chronic anti-inflammatory. Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar. Biochem Res Int. ; doi: // Epub Oct Evaluation of Mallotus oppositifolius Methanol Leaf Extract on the.

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Medicinal plants of the eastern region of Madagascar. The leaves have ingredients of common antidysentery, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory remedies [ 8 ]. On Mallotus and Deuteromallotus Euphorbiaceae in Madagascar.

Indexed in Web of Science. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae with Pandaceae.

Mallotus oppositifolius – Useful Tropical Plants

Aqueous and ethanol extracts of dried leaves showed significant antifungal activity in vitro against Aspergillus flavusCandida albicansMicrosporum audouiniiPenicillium sp. Mallotus oppositifolius fruiting branch obtained from Runetwork. Regular weeding is necessary.

A leaf or stem bark infusion is taken to expel tapeworms and to treat diarrhoea. West Indian Medical Journal 55 4: The seeds are considered poisonous. African indigenous plants with chemotherapeutic potentials and biotechnological approach to the production of bioactive prophylactic agents.

The leaves contain a higher concentration of these compounds than the roots. The results showed that MP significantly reduced the blood glucose and was found to possess significant antioxidant potentials in vitro both in the DPPH and the ferric reducing assay.

Toxic and poisonous plants of Madagascar: Journal of Ethnopharmacology Hence, it is also possible that the alkaloids present in MP may be responsible for the observed hypoglycaemic potential and associated effects on cholesterol levels in test rats. Dioecious shrub or small tree up to op;ositifolius —13 m tall; young shoots densely stellate-hairy, older twigs almost glabrous, often purplish-brown.


All free radical scavenging assays were carried out in triplicates and the results shown in the figures represent a mean of the values obtained.

In eastern Africa a root decoction is taken as an aphrodisiac. The seed is a special soup thickener in the region.

The harvested leaves are usually used fresh, whereas the roots are usually dried, pounded and kept in a pot mallouts later use. Plants used in traditional medicine in eastern Tanzania.

The crushed leaves or leaf sap are applied to aching teeth and inflamed eyes. The findings with MP extract in this study confirm its folkloric uses in the management of diabetes, thus making Mallotus oppositifolius a probable plant for drug discoveries. A decoction of the aerial parts was taken as an ordeal poison. Alkaloids of plant origin such as Solanine from S.

Blood was collected from heart using disposable opposktifolius syringes and transferred into EDTA tubes immediately. The twigs are commonly used as chew sticks. Mallotus oppositifolius is mainly propagated by seed, although vegetative propagation may be possible as well, in view of its malloyus growth.

Mallotus oppositifolius Images

The ferric reducing ability of oppositifolijs, a measure of the antioxidant ability, showed that MP produced a dose dependent antioxidant effect. Citation in web searches. The water was removed using a vacuum lyophilizer, yielding Several factors such as dyslipidemia or hyperlipidemia which are oppoditifolius in the microvascular and macrovascular complications as well as hyperglycemia are associated with the diabetes disease which is the major cause of morbidity and death [ 4 ].

Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar.


Field guide to the moist forest trees of Tanzania. Woody plants of Ghana, with special reference to their uses. Further studies will be needed to isolate and purify the bioactive compound s in the extract for bioassay-guided experiments in a view to pin-point its mechanisms of antidiabetic action. Therefore we selected and evaluated the methanol leaf extract of MP for its claimed antidiabetic potentials considering also, its effect on total cholesterol and biomarkers of oxidative stress in vivo and in vitrorespectively.

Angiosperms Euphorbiaceae to Menispermaceae. Seeds almost globose, 3. The ground leaves in salted water are applied to snakebites and the extract is also drunk for this purpose.

It is deep-rooting and has a root: Crushed leaves or a leaf infusion are applied to treat urinary infections, venereal diseases, malaria, leprosy, chickenpox and female sterility.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Mallotus oppositifolius (Geiseler)

View at Google Scholar N. Differences between the groups were separated by post hoc LSD. The extract decreased the blood glucose levels of experimental rats significantlyin a dose-dependent manner Table 1. Acceptance and digestibility of some selected browse feeds with varying tannin content as supplements in sheep nutrition in West Africa. A methanolic leaf extract showed moderate antitrypanosomal and anthelminthic activity in vitro, but low antiplasmodial activity. Plant Collection and Identification Fresh M.

View at Google Scholar J.