The Declaration of Helsinki is a set of ethical principles regarding human experimentation Clarifications of Articles 29, 30 (–); Sixth revision (); Seventh revision (). 3 Future; 4 Timeline (WMA meetings); 5 See. Helsingforsdeklarationen som en sam- ling etiska principer i syfte att vägleda läkare och andra som medverkar i medi- cinsk forskning som omfattar männi- skor. Från Helsingforsdeklarationen och Biomedicinkonventionen till den svenska Genom en ändring i lagen ändras etikprövningslagens definition av.

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Research ethics Medical ethics Bioethics Clinical research ethics Biobank ethics. The risks must be continuously monitored, assessed and documented by the researcher. WMA revises the Declaration of Helsinki. Medical research involving human subjects may only be conducted if the importance of the objective outweighs the risks and burdens to the research subjects. The ethics of helsingrorsdeklarationen related to healthcare in developing countries.

The New England Journal of Medicine. Medical research with a vulnerable group is only justified if the research is responsive to the health needs or priorities helsingforsdeklaarationen this group and the research cannot be carried out in a non-vulnerable group.

These included the claims that the continuing trials in developing countries were unethical, and pointing out a fundamental discrepancy in decisions to change the study design in Thailand but not Africa.

Ethics in belsingforsdeklarationen collaborative clinical research”. In advance of a clinical trial, sponsors, researchers and host country governments should make provisions for post-trial access for all participants who still need an intervention identified as beneficial in the trial.

The promise and limits of international bioethics: Use of Placebo The WMA encourages others who are involved in medical research involving human subjects to adopt these principles. These heksingforsdeklarationen are intimately tied to the concept of distributive justicethe equitable distribution of the burdens of research.

The protocol should address the ethical issues and indicate that it is in compliance with the Declaration Article Research should be based on a thorough knowledge of the scientific background Article 11a careful assessment of risks and benefits Articles 16, 17have a reasonable likelihood of benefit to the population studied Article 19 and be conducted by suitably trained investigators Article 15 using approved protocols, subject to independent ethical review and oversight by a properly convened committee Article Every precaution must be taken to protect the privacy of research subjects and the confidentiality of their personal information.


Surprisingly, although the wording was virtually unchanged, this created far more protest in this revision. Empirical and methodological myths”. Helsingforsdeklarationen is a set of ethical principles regarding human experimentation developed for the medical community by the World Medical Association WMA. Even though most meetings about the proposed revisions failed to achieve consensus, and many argued that the declaration should remain unchanged or only minimally altered, after extensive consultation the Workgroup [35] eventually came up with a text helwingforsdeklarationen was endorsed by WMA’s Council and passed by the General Assembly helsingforsdeklarahionen October 7,[36] and which proved to be the most far reaching and contentious revision to date.

Declaration of Helsinki

Article 30 was debated further at the meeting, with another proposed clarification [50] but did not result in any convergence of thought, and so decisions were postponed for another year, [53] [54] but again a commitment was made to protecting the vulnerable. The placebo question was already an active debate prior to the fourth revision but had intensified, while at the same time the placebo question was still causing controversy in the international setting.

Selection of pregnant or nursing breastfeeding women as research subjects”. For other uses, see Declaration of Helsinki disambiguation. It is the duty of the physician to promote and safeguard the health, well-being and rights of patients, including those who are involved in medical research.

The Declaration is intended to be read as helsingforsdeklarqtionen whole and each of its constituent paragraphs should be applied with consideration of all other relevant paragraphs. Arguments over this helsingforsdeklaratinen dealt with whether subjects derive benefit from the trial and are no worse off at the end than the status quo prior to the trial, or of not participating, versus the harm of being denied access to that which they have contributed to.


Eventually Notes of Clarification footnotes to articles 29 and 30 were added in and respectively, predominantly under pressure from the US CMAJBlackmer The utilitarian argument [44] held that the disadvantage to a few such as denial of potentially beneficial interventions was justifiable for the advantage of many future patients.

The investigator’s duty is solely to the patient Articles 2, 3 and 10 or volunteer Articles 16, 18and while there is always a need for research Article 6the subject’s welfare must always take precedence over the interests of science and society Article 5and ethical considerations must always take precedence over laws and regulations Article 9.

The scope of ethical review was increased to include human tissue and data Article 1the necessity to challenge accepted care was added Article 6as well as establishing the primacy of the ethical requirements over laws and regulations Article 9.

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Participation by individuals capable of giving informed consent helingforsdeklarationen subjects in medical research must be voluntary. Wherever possible unproven methods should be tested in the context of research where there is reasonable belief of possible benefit Article In such circumstances the physician must seek informed consent from the legally authorised representative.

The second revision included seeking the consent of minors where possible. When the risks are found to outweigh the potential benefits or when there is conclusive proof of definitive outcomes, physicians must assess whether to continue, modify or immediately stop the study.

Consistent with the mandate of the WMA, the Declaration is addressed primarily to physicians. Sources of funding, institutional affiliations and conflicts of interest must helsingforsdeklarationenn declared in the publication.