Revolutionary War Drill Manual by Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben are to be perfectly acquainted with the manual exercise, marchings and. On February 23, , Frederick William Baron von Steuben reported to General George Washington at the Continental Army’s bleak winder encampment at. Von Steuben: Manual of Arms The Manual Exercise .. Baron von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual (), Dover Publications, Inc., Mineola, NY.
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With a quick motion bring up the firelock from the shoulder directly before the face, and seize it with the left hand just above the lock, so that the little finger may rest upon the feather spring, and the thumb lie on the stock; the left hand must be of an equal height with the eyes. In marching obliquely to the right, the soldier steps obliquely with the right foot, bringing up the left, and placing the heel directly before the toes of the right foot, and the contrary when marching to the left; at the same time observing to keep the shoulders square to the front, especially that the shoulder opposed to the side they march to does not project, and that the files keep close.
Sink the firelock with the left hand as low as possible, without constraint, and stwuben the same time bringing up the right hand, seize wwar firelock at the left shoulder. Frederick William Baron von Steuben.
Baron von Steuben’s Revolutionary War drill manual : a facsimile reprint of the 1794 edition
It is a manual on military arms as conducted during and around Whilst this is doing, the adjutant divides the guard into eight platoons, leaving proper intervals between the platoons for the officers who are to command them. Bring the butt of the firelock under the right arm, letting the piece fall down strong on the palm of the left hand, which receives it at the swell, the muzzle pointing directly to the front, the butt pressed with the arm against the side; the front rank holding their pieces horizontally, and the rear rank the muzzles of theirs so high as to clear the heads of the front rank, both ranks keeping their feet fast.
The tents of the non-commissioned officers and privates are to be pitched in two ranks, with an interval of six paces between the ranks, and two feet between each tent: Invaluable reference for historians, military buffs details drill and field service regulations: Front to halt- two flams from right to left, and a full drag with the right, a left hand flam and a right hand full drag. Memoir of a Revolutionary Soldier: When the whole are assembled, the adjutant of the day dresses the line, counts the files from right to left, and takes post on the right.
Spring the firelock briskly to a recover, as soon as the left hand seizes the firelock above the lock, the right elbow is to be nimbly raised a little, placing the thumb of that hand upon the cock, the fingers open by the plate of the lock, and as quick as possible cock the piece, by dropping the elbow, and forcing down the cock with the thumb, immediately seizing the firelock with the right hand, close under the lock; the piece to be held in this manner perpendicular, opposite the left side of the face, the body kept straight, and as full to the front as possible, and the head held up, looking well to the right.
An officer of each battalion must be appointed to superintend the striking of the tents, and loading the wagons: To the commander in chief: This attention of the soldier must be observed in the strictest manner, till he receives the word. The platoon of the right wing faces to the left; the other platoon faces to the right; and both pass in one division; the other platoons following in the same manner, except those of the center.
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I picked this one up after reading A Few Bloody Noses. When the company parades, and whilst the captain and lieutenant are examining the arms and accoutrements, the ensign must inspect the dress of the soldiers, observing whether they are clean, and every thing about them in the best order possible, and duly noticing any who in these respects are deficient.
An officer must never throw in the whole of his fire at once; for which reason every guard is to be divided into two or more divisions of platoons; the eldest officer taking post on the right of the first platoon, the next eldest on the right of the second platoon, and the third on the left of the whole; the non-commissioned officers cover revoputionary officers; the drum is to be on the right of the captain, and the sentinel one pace advanced of the drum.
The general of the day will usually order the manual exercise to be performed, and some maneuvers, such as he thinks proper; the major of brigade of the day giving the words of command. He must attend the parade at the turning out of all guards or detachments, inspect their dress, arms, accoutrements and ammunition, form them into platoons or sections, and conduct them to the general or brigade parade.
Not much of a read. When the commanding officer thinks himself in danger of being attacked by cavalry, he must close the column, and on their approach, halt and face outwards; the front platoon standing fast, the rear platoon going to the right about, and the others facing outwards from their centers.
He must keep a strict eye over the conduct of the non-commissioned officers; oblige them to do their duty with the greatest exactness; and use every possible means to keep up a proper subordination between them and the soldiers: As the battalions respectively arrive in front of their ground, they halt, from the battalion, dressing with the right and order or support their arms.
The soldiers should not be permitted to eat in their tents, except in bad weather; and an officer of a company must often visit the messes; see that the provision is good and well cooked; that the men of one tent mess together; and that the provision is not sold or disposed of for liquor. They must be very careful not to advance beyond the battalion they are to dress by, it being much easier to advance than to fall back. Advance sergeant with the countersign!
He is the assistant to the quartermaster of the regiment, and in his absence is to do his duty, unless an officer be specially appointed for that purpose: Finding libraries that hold this item When a close column is obliged to change the direction of its march, the front platoon must not wheel round on its flank, but advance in a direction more or less circular, according to the depth of the columns, that the other platoons may follow.
In proportion as the ground permits, the files will march up to their places in front, dress, and take step with the colors. At this word the soldier must be silent, Stand firm and steady, Moving neither hand nor foot. Mabual it marches up to its post in the line; the third and second platoon, as soon as they have respectively gained their distances, proceed barron the same manner; and then the first halts and dresses with them; the fifth platoon in steubben mean time marches to its post between the two sergeants; and the three platoons of the left form by marching obliquely to their posts in the line, as before explained.
The preservation of the arms, accoutrements and ammunition is of such essential importance, that he must be strictly attentive to have those of the sick, of the men on furlough, discharged, or detached on command without arms, taken care of and deposited with the brigade conductor, as directed in the regulations.
Baron Von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual: A Facsimile Reprint of the 1794 Edition
No non-commissioned officer of soldier is to be absent from roll-call without permission from the commanding officer of the company.
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The passage of defiles being difficult in presence of an enemy, the officers must be particularly careful to keep refolutionary files closed; to be quick in giving the words of revilutionary and not lose any time in the execution.
The guards in camp will be relieved every hours. When a detachment with arms passes before the guard, the guard shall be under arms, and the drums of both beat a march. That the men may always appear clean on the parade, and as means of revolutionady their health, the non-commissioned officers are to see that they wash their hands and faces every day, and oftener when necessary.
He should be well acquainted with the interior management and discipline of the regiment, and the manner of keeping rosters and forming details.
The greatest attention on the part of the officers is necessary at all times, but more particularly on the march: Dover Books on Americana. The field and staff officers accompany the inspector while he inspects the companies; and when the inspection is over, the colonel forms the battalion, and causes it to perform any exercise or maneuvers the inspector thinks proper to order. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.
The sergeant of the rounds is to answer Grand rounds! He should be intimately acquainted with the character of every soldier of the company, and should take great pains to impress upon their minds the indispensable necessity of the strictest obedience, as the foundation of order and regularity. He must pay the greatest attention to the health of his men, their discipline, arms, accoutrements, ammunition, clothes and necessaries.
Revolutionary War Drill Manual – Wikisource, the free online library
Is as important as difficult. The adjutant having in the mean time told off the guards, and divided them into platoons, the brigade major then commands. Von Steuben eventually joined Lafayette and Kosciusko as an iconic foreign hero of American independence; in Chicago, where I grew up, Von Steuben Day was celebrated with almost as much enthusiasm barpn St. As it is highly necessary an officer should have some knowledge of his situation, naron must, immediately after relieving the old guard, visit the sentinels, and examine the ground round his post; and if he thinks the sentries not sufficient to secure him from a surprise, he is at liberty to place more, acquainting therewith the general or field officer of the day who visits his post; but without their leave he is not to alter any that are already posted.
The head of the column arriving at the entrance of the camp, the commanding officer of the first battalion will command.