Acidovorax citrulli ZJU (b-proteobacteria) genome assembly Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli from Institute of Biotechnology [GCA_ Bacterial fruit blotch is caused by Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli. The disease was first detected in Florida in and was subsequently detected in South. Acidovorax citrulli is the causal agent of bacterial fruit blotch and seedling blight Synomyms: Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli, Pseudomonas.

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Comparing them phenotypically, Willems et al. Plant Disease, 74 1: The American Phytopathological Society, St. Bacterial fruit blotch of watermelon. Reduced relative humidities after overhead irrigation resulted in diminished levels of disease. Control of watermelon fruit blotch by seed heat treatment. To improve the efficiency of seed subsp.citrullli testing, immunomagnetic separation combined with polymerase chain reaction IMS-PCR was evaluated Walcott and Gitaitis, ; Walcott et al.

Fruit blotch was prevalent in Georgia in and was especially widespread incausing losses in thousands of hectares distributed over at least 10 states.

This secondary spread in the transplant house can result in high numbers of infected seedlings reaching the field. However, these reports do not necessarily indicate detection of the pathogen in seeds. Acidovoarx warm, humid environment favourable for disease development is maintained in transplant facilities used for raising watermelon seedlings.


Initial report on occurrence of watermelon bacterial fruit blotch in Heilongjiang Avemae.

In this test, seeds are planted in a sterile potting mix in a greenhouse that is free from other sources of Vaenae. In young seedlings, lesions can develop in the hypocotyl resulting in collapse and death of the emerging plant.

Mature watermelon fruit are covered with a wax layer that plugs stomata and prevents the entry of bacteria into the fruit. Moreover, low concentration and lengthy soaking treatments were far superior to high concentration and short treatments. In northern growing areas, fruit blotch affected fields should be planted subsequently with crops that utilize herbicides that will kill volunteer watermelons.

EPPO Global Database

The ability to penetrate watermelon flowers was not unique to A. If fruit blotch symptoms are observed, applications of copper-containing fungicides should begin at first flower, or earlier, and continue weekly until all fruit are mature.

Control leaves infiltrated with distilled water remained symptomless. It produces restricted lesions on cotyledons in the transplant house, but does not produce symptoms in the field on watermelon leaves and fruit.

Many seed treatments have been reported to reduce BFB seedling transmission.

PCR can be used to diagnose A. Molecular, physiological, and host-range characterization of Acidovorax avenae subsp. Numerical analysis and determinative tests for nonfluorescent plant-pathogenic Pseudomonas spp. Some of these transplants may harbour the bacterium, but show no symptoms. These treatments are effective on diploid watermelon seeds, but germination of triploid seed acidovrax be reduced by the treatments.


Acidovorax citrulli (PSDMAC)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database

Much of the watermelon production in the USA is still from direct-seeded plants, but transplants are rapidly gaining in popularity. Identification of bacterial fruit blotch of melons found in Yunnan Province. Bacterial leaf spot of Christ’s thorn, a new disease caused by Acidovomx avenae subsp.

For example, Feng et al. First report of infection of honeydew with Acidovorax avenae subsp.

Detection of Acidovorax avenae subsp. Fermentation of freshly harvested seed in watermelon fruit juice is a common practice routinely employed in commercial seed production. First Report of Acidovorax avenae subsp. Triploid watermelons are less susceptible to A. Don’t need the entire report? Leaf lesions in the field do not result in defoliation, but are important reservoirs of bacteria for fruit subsp.citfulli.